Evaluating Reduction Measures for Pedestrian Accidents

Pedestrian accidents happen when a motor vehicle hits someone while they are walking or running. There are many ways to reduce these types of accidents and they can be split into two categories: separating pedestrians and vehicles by time and separating pedestrians and vehicle by space.

Time and Pedestrian Accidents

Pedestrian-Only Signal

At a traffic intersection with active stoplights, pedestrians were given their own signal to cross. No vehicles were allowed to drive or make any turns during this time. The studies for this specific signal are conflicting with some claiming it reduces the chance of a pedestrian accident by half, while others state it only reduces the chance by 10-25%.

Pedestrian Prompting Devices

These devices warn the pedestrian to check for any vehicle threats prior to the walk signal. A study done on this type of device a year after installation showed that cautious pedestrians doubled at two areas and tripled at the third and final one.

In-Pavement Flashing Lights

Flashing lights were placed into the street’s pavement that lit up when pedestrians were present. The lights resulted in vehicle speeds dropping and some sites that had the lights resulted in more drivers yielding to pedestrians.

Space and Pedestrian Accidents

Pedestrian Overpass

These structures are built as a bridge between sides of the road, above the moving traffic. Sites where pedestrian overpasses were in place showed a 91% decrease in the number of pedestrian accidents. However, it’s interesting to note that the number of motor vehicle crashes where a pedestrian was not involved increased near the overpasses.

Advanced Stop Lines

Stop lines for pedestrian crossing were pushed back a further 4-7 feet away from the crossing area. When stop lines were pushed back, drivers stopping within the crosswalks decreased by 18%. Yet while advancing stop lines works for drivers who already comply with them, the study showed only a little over half of all drivers complied with the stop lines.

Refuge Islands

Pedestrian refuge islands are raised and paved areas where a pedestrian can stop before continuing on. They are often on roads without traffic signals. One study showed that refuge islands decreased the chance of a pedestrian accident by two-thirds. Another study showed that on highly-trafficked wide roads, roads with refuge islands had 50% less pedestrian accidents.

If you were in a pedestrian accident, you need an experienced pedestrian accident attorney who can help you through seeking compensation from the driver’s insurance. The Advocates have handled many pedestrian accident cases and know how to work with insurance companies to get their clients a fair compensation. Injuries from a pedestrian accident can cause medical bills to soar so don’t hesitate—call us today!

Links: http://www.roundaboutresources.org/files/Resources/Documents/Pedestrians%20and%20Bikes/Retting%20Paper%20on%20Pedestrain%20safety%202004%20trb.pdf


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